Medical professionals, government officials concerned with health-related issues, officials of public or private institutions, whose decisions affect or define the choice or purchase of medical goods and services, officials of health-financing companies or organizations, or any individual or entity that buys, rents, recommends, uses, influences buying, defines it, or prescribes medical technology, equipment and/or services provided by health-related companies.
Corporate integrity is part of the foundations of our behavior. We understand that, while maintaining the highest level of corporate integrity through transparent, open, honest and fair agreements, we will earn the trust of those who contact us, whether they are customers, suppliers, competitors, colleagues or patients.
BioSud is a corporation focused in the medical technology industry, working for the progress of medical sciences and patients’ care. Contributing to this through the provision of high-quality technologies at costs which are suitable for the healthcare system.
BioSud officers and employees (hereinafter, the "Associates") have the ethical principle of conducting business in accordance with high standards of business conduct, in compliance with the laws and regulations in force in the Republic of Argentina. This principle is essential for the interactions with institutions, medical professionals, government agencies and financers of the healthcare system. Associates respect the obligation of Healthcare Professionals to make independent decisions on the approval of use, purchase or use of medical technology, goods and services.
As of October 01, 2006, BioSud has adopted this Code of Business Ethics as the basic rule governing the interaction between Associates and individuals, entities or institutions that buy, rent, use, recommend the use or rental, or prescribe the use of medical technology goods and services in Argentina. Honest and ethical business conduct makes our Associates to earn the trust and respect of customers, patients, suppliers, government agencies and regulatory agencies.
Day-to-day business integrity is the indestructible basis of corporate integrity. This Code of Business Ethics has been agreed with the Associates and has been approved by BioSud’ s Board of Directors.
Associates agree to abide by the ethical principles included in this Code. This Code is subject to national and provincial laws and other codes of conduct applicable to the Associates.
If any law, internal procedure or other codes of conduct applicable to the Associates is more restrictive than the corresponding provision of this Code, Associates shall adhere to the more restrictive provision. In the same way, if a provision of this Code is more restrictive than the corresponding provision in any law, internal procedure or other applicable codes of conduct, Associates shall adhere to the more restrictive provision of this Code.
Associates shall appropriately document, in accordance with their internal procedures, any transfer of value directly or indirectly made to Healthcare Professionals and/or healthcare system institutions, both public and private, as well as any other agent of the healthcare system. This includes but is not limited to fees paid for services (e.g.: conferences, consulting, delivery of reports or scientific studies, medical or scientific reviews, training to other healthcare professionals, supervision of clinical cases), collaboration for scientific and professional events, hospitality expenses offered on the occasion of an event, such as travel, enrollment or registration, accommodation and food expenses, and the provision of publications of medical-scientific nature, as well as donations or contributions made by the Associates, directly or indirectly, to any agent in the healthcare system.
There are multiple forms of interaction between BioSud and healthcare professionals that go beyond selling, renting, recommending, using or prescribing the use of products and services. Some of such interactions are included below as an example:
Corporate ethics is the practice of our shared values. BioSud recognizes that its Associates can interact with Healthcare Professionals in other activities different from the purchase/sale, rental or prescription of medical technology products. BioSud requires the following principle to be applied in all interactions between its Associates and Healthcare Professionals: "In no case shall interactions between BioSud’ s Associates and Healthcare Professionals involve illegal practices or practices that may unduly influence the independent decision of the professional or official who is in charge of the purchase, rental, recommendation or prescription of their products and/or services.".
Any compensation for services paid to any Healthcare Professional and/or health care institutions shall be consistent with the reasonable market value of the services rendered.
It is common that, given the nature of the products and services marketed, Associates have the need to carry out product-related education and/or training programs for Healthcare Professionals. These programs are sometimes conducted in locations which may require some participants to travel and which can last longer than expected. With respect to these training and/or education programs this Code establishes that:
Independent conferences on educational, scientific and consensus subjects are common and positive ways for promoting scientific knowledge, the advancement of medical techniques and the constant improvement of human healthcare. These conferences are generally sponsored by international, national, regional, or specialty medical associations.
BioSud can support this type of conferences in various ways:
It is accepted for BioSud or its Associates to have meetings with Healthcare Professionals to discuss about products or services, negotiate contracts and close sales. During such meetings, it is usual to occasionally pay for receptions or meals involving Healthcare Professionals; however, this is only acceptable when the cost is reasonable, and participants have a direct relationship with the purpose of the meeting. Payment of travel expenses is also acceptable when necessary (non-portable equipment demonstrations, demonstrations in specialized health centers, visits to manufacturing plants, etc.).
Healthcare Professionals may be consultants to BioSud, providing consultancy services, including research, monitoring of clinical cases or surgeries, making presentations at training sessions sponsored by BioSud or advising on products. It is appropriate for BioSud to pay a reasonable compensation for this type of service, provided that there is a prior good faith written consulting agreement in place.
The following items are requirements for a good faith consulting agreement between the parties:
Since medical technology services and products are usually financed by government health programs, or by financers who are not those who recommend or prescribe them, the requirements concerning courtesies and corporate gifts, targeting those who do recommend them, are subject to greater restrictions than in other industries.
BioSud or its Associates shall not offer gifts or payments in cash or any equivalent to any agent or Healthcare Professional. However, gifts, or courtesies of reasonable value, such as business promotions, which are part of general business practice, may be occasionally offered, for example gifts that benefit patients or serve a genuine educational purpose, such as medical texts or models for educational use.
Useful tests to determine whether a gift is appropriate are: (1) The gift should not create any obligation of reciprocity to the person who delivers or receives it; (2) the action should be able to be made public and withstand public scrutiny, and (3) its cost should be modest.
Gifts should generally be limited to items related to the practice of Healthcare Professionals or be educational in nature. Gifts that may personally benefit the Healthcare Professional shall be avoided.
This section does not address the legitimate practice of facilitating free samples for product assessment.
In certain situations, Associates may make donations for specific purposes, such as delivery of equipment or products to collaborate with healthcare institutions, support for genuine scientific research for science progress, care of indigent patients, education of patients, public education, or sponsorship of events with charitable purposes. Donations should be made only to legally established and duly registered organizations (for example: charitable organizations, public or private institutions engaged in healthcare, or primary care units), provided that their bylaws allow it, and the purpose is in accordance with the contents of this section. Associates are not allowed to make this type of donations in order to induce Healthcare Professionals to purchase, rent, recommend, use or prescribe products and services.
It is not allowed to make donations in order to cover expenses that constitute daily activities and obligations of such entities (for example: building rentals, employees’ wages, services, payment of taxes, etc.). However, if the donation will be made to a social assistance or humanitarian institution and there are primary needs that are recognized and documented, this type of donation may be granted pursuant to the charitable programs of each Associate.
All donations shall be properly documented in a written agreement or document specifying the donation made and making clear that it is not conditioned or related to an obligation on the beneficiary to recommend, purchase, prescribe, use, or influence the purchase of medical technology or equipment products and/or services provided by healthcare companies.
Some examples of acceptable donations included in but not limited to this section are:
The success of BioSud is based on its Associates’ deep knowledge of and abidance to the legal and regulatory requirements governing our work. Compliance with laws and regulations along with the voluntary abidance of this Code of Business Ethics creates a solid base on which we build our corporate values.
The healthcare industry is a regulated and controlled activity and involves all the functional business areas of BioSud. Regardless of the role played by an individual within a company, there are legal, regulatory and ethical standards that shall be complied with. Since regulations governing companies within the Medical Technology Goods and Services sector are mandatory, BioSud Associates shall be aware of those relating to their specialty.
In Argentina, there are fair competition laws and regulations aimed at ensuring the acquisition of products, with the possibility of freely choosing them among a variety of goods and services at competitive prices, without inappropriate constraints such as pricing agreements between suppliers, monopolies, etc.
This Code of Business Practices promotes compliance with applicable laws on fair competition. BioSud’s Associates shall support ethical business practices and responsible corporate conduct, they shall not use any illegal methods, or methods which may unduly influence independent healthcare professionals’ or officials’ decision to purchase, rent, recommend or prescribe their goods and services.
Examples listed below provide some of the contexts related to anti-trust and fair trade laws:
Negotiations between competitors about prices, offers, discounts, promotions, benefits, costs, terms and conditions of sale are forbidden, as well as agreements between companies to divide territories or customers, limit supply or innovation.
Advertising of medical technology products and services is subject to applicable regulatory standards.
Promotional material delivered to customers by means of printed information, through electronic, audiovisual or other means shall be accurate, truthful and correct and conform to the regulations in force in Argentina.
This Code shall apply to any third party who enters into contracts or any type of agreement with BioSud for the promotion, co-promotion, agency, distribution and/or representation of any nature.
BioSud Associates shall take all reasonable and necessary steps in order to ensure compliance of third parties with the principles of this Code.
BioSud primary objective is that patients will be treated with high standards of respect and dignity. This essential principle is present in all aspects of our day to day relations with colleagues, physicians, Healthcare Professionals, and government officers, representing our corporative values and culture.
BioSud strongly believes in the service for the industry and encourages individual and corporate participation in professional associations and organizations. By encouraging its Associates, Directors and employees to share their skills and experience with these groups, BioSud invest in the success of the healthcare industry and its ethical and professional growth.
In the same way, BioSud supports the exchange with other professional organizations such as medical and pharmaceutical associations, as well as scientific associations and other organizations related to the healthcare industry.
This Code of Business Ethics is a statement of the fundamental principles that govern BioSud’s decisions.
Any violation of this code report in the following box firstname.lastname@example.org.